Where the majestic Andes Mountains separate Amazon jungles from barren Pacific shores there was once a pageantry of vibrant cultures that flourished and vanished long before Europeans arrived. Why did the ancient Andeans practice human sacrifice and hold ritual battles ending in the agonizing deaths of nobles? Why did they build the Nazca Lines - giant ground drawings on the desert surface best seen from the sky? What was the real purpose of ‘erotic’ art? Covering 3,000 years of Peruvian prehistory, this course examines how cultures reveal their natural and supernatural worlds through art and architecture, and how people who engaged in dire rituals left an artistic legacy unsurpassed in the ancient world.