This course examines the role of conflict in society during the 20th century. It focuses on the ideas that produced social and political upheaval and the impact of this upheaval on various groups. Specific themes and topics to be addressed include the Great War; communism; democracy, fascism and Nazism in the interwar period; the Second World War as a struggle for survival; and competing nationalisms, genocide and civil wars. In brief, it will demonstrate how society in the twentieth century embarked on total war, sparing nobody and transforming all. Multimedia lectures with rare photos and videos. No textbook required.