Did you know that you or your neighbor might have Neanderthal genes? The main objective of this course is to go behind the scenes of the most recent discoveries in human ancient DNA. You will explore the genetics of Neanderthals, Denisovans, Heidelbergensis, and archaic Homo sapiens in order to understand what they mean to us. You will have hands-on experience with castes of the original skeletal remains in the physical anthropology laboratory in order to contrast ourselves with distant ancestors. In this course we will consider the questions: What is special about us and are we still evolving?